“The Law of Georgia on Licenses and Permits” states that regulation applies only to activities that are directly related to a threat to human life or health or to areas of public or public interest.
The basic principles of regulation are:
- Ensuring and protecting human life and health,
- Ensuring and protecting the human residential and cultural environment,
- Protecting state and public interests.
The License to Operate
What activities do licenses apply for?
According to the law, The person with “the license to operate” is entitled to the following specific activities.
A license to operate is issued in a simple administrative procedure with certain exceptions subject to public administrative procedures.
The legal person shall, together with the decision to grant a license, issue a license that is valid for a lifetime.
Documents to be submitted to obtain a license to operate and Licensing deadlines
The license applicant must first submit a written request to the licensor. The application must meet the requirements of the legislation and be accompanied by relevant documents.
Legal entities under private law and individual entrepreneurs shall attach extracts from the State Register to the application, and natural persons shall attach the copies of documents confirming their identity as laid down in legislation. A legal entity under public law shall attach certified copies of its constituent documents to the application. The application must also include a document certifying the payment of the license fee.
The licensor must make a decision within 15 days of submission, subject to certain important circumstances, the term may be increased to 3 months.
- License to produce and package baby and child food products,
- License to carry out the nuclear and radioactive activity,
- License to use live genetically modified organisms in a closed system,
- License to produce biological pesticides,
- General license to manufacture, produce military weapons and military goods,
- General license to repair military weapons (including upgrading and on-site services) and goods (including upgrading and on-site services),
- General license to trade in military weapons and goods,
- License to manufacture (produce) non-military weapons, major elements of firearms, ammunition, major elements of ammunition,
- License to repair non-military weapons and major elements of firearms,
- License to trade in non-military weapons, major elements of firearms, ammunition, and major elements of ammunition,
- License to produce, purchase, import or export electronic means of surveillance,
- Private broadcasting license and Community broadcasting license,
- Forensic-medical examination license,
- Forensic psychiatric assessment license,
- Postmortem examination license,
- License to carry out Water supply license,
- License to retrieve state-owned scrap metal and nonferrous metal sunk in the territorial sea and inland waters of Georgia, and so on.
The License for use
A person entitled to use the state resources provided by “License for use” shall be granted by auction, except in certain cases provided for by law.
Documents to be submitted to obtain a license to use and Licensing deadlines:
An application for participating in an auction shall be accepted within not less than 15 days after the auction is announced. A license issuer shall set a deadline for submitting applications in each specific case.
In the mineral, licenses can also be issued directly, for example for tourism / recreational purposes, as well as for water supply.
Types of licenses to use
- Mineral extraction license,
- License to use underground space,
- General license to use oil and gas resources,
- General license for forest use,
- Fishing license,
- License to use radio-frequency spectrum,
- License to export fir cones, as well as snowdrop bulbs and/or cyclamen tubers that are listed in the Appendices to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
Permission is the right, according to the law, to take certain actions which relate to the object and are in accordance with the conditions established by law for an indefinite or definite period.
The permit issuer shall make the relevant decision in accordance with the rules of simple administrative procedures provided for by the legislation of Georgia.
Types of permits
- Permit to transit and import goods that are subject to veterinary checks; permit to import phylogenies products that are subject to phytosanitary control,
- Environmental impact permit,
- Permit to import, export, re-export, and transit ozone-destroying substances; permit to import, export, and transit the waste,
- Permit to use industrial explosives,
- Purchase and transfer of radioactive materials,
- Export and import of radioactive materials, raw materials from which nuclear materials can be obtained or produced, equipment containing radioactive substances, nuclear technologies and know-how; export, import and transit of radioactive sources,
- Export of radioactive waste,
- Permit to export, import, re-export, and introduce from the sea species listed in the appendices to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), their parts,
- Permit for a natural person to purchase a short-barrel firearm for defence or a sports firearm with a rifled short-barrel (with the right to keep) and for defence a gas (air) gun, a hunting rifle, a sports long-barrel firearm, or a sports short smooth-bore firearm (with the right to keep and carry), and so on.
The procedure for issuing a permit for outdoor advertising
A permit for outdoor advertising is only required where the placement is in a state-owned or local self-government area. This type of permit is issued by the executive body of the local self-government unit.
The procedure for issuing a permit for local regular urban passenger transportation
local self-government body shall issue a permit for local regular urban passenger transportation through competition.
The winner of the competition pays the permit fee for obtaining a local city’s regular passenger transportation permit.
Permit to drive in the capital of Georgia by taxi (M1 category)
This type of permit is issued by the Government of the Capital of Georgia or the structural unit of the City Hall of Georgia authorized by it. Issuing a permit involves paying a fee and is free of fees.
For further information, you can visit the full version of “Law of Georgia on Licences and Permits.”