Beautiful mountains, lakes, waterfalls, landscapes, cave monasteries, history at every corner, delicious snacks, winemakers, and locals with good hospitality are all that you will find in Kakheti.
Kakheti is a region of western Georgia that started forming in the historic province of Kakheti and in the small mountainous province of Tusheti, in the ‘90s.
The region consists of eight administrative districts:
Kakheti is bordered by the Russian Federation to the northwest, Azerbaijan to the southeast, Mtskheta-Mtianeti and Kvemo Kartli to the west. In Kakheti, as in other regions of Georgia, Kakhetian dialects are spoken.
The Kingdom of Kartli represented the battlefields of the Ottoman-Savannah, the confrontation between neighboring Georgians and Caucasian rulers, and its civil wars until the 18th century. From the beginning of 1550 to 1614, the Georgian rulers, along with their Persian rulers, pursued a policy of compromise. In Georgian documents, the Georgian rulers were still referred to as kings, and in the official documents of Persia, they were referred to as Georgians; it underscores their obedience to the Shah. In 1762, Kartli was united with the kingdom of Kakheti as one state. However, it suffered a devastating defeat during the invasion of Persia. The Persian commander was Agha – Makhmad – Khan.
Kvemo Kartli is located in the southern part of eastern Georgia. The region is divided into seven administrative units. To the east, the region is bordered by Kakheti, to the north by Shida Kartli and Mtskheta-Mtianeti, to the west by Samtskhe-Javakheti, and to the south by Armenia and Azerbaijan. The region is located in the semi-desert, arid, subtropical, and highland alpine zones. The capital city is Rustavi.
7 cities: Rustavi, Bolnisi, Gardabani, Dmanisi, Tetritsqaro, Marneuli and Tsalka
8 “daba”: Didi Lilo, Kojori, Kazreti, Manglisi, Tamarisi, Shaumiani, Bediani and Trialeti
The region is one of the most economically developed regions in Georgia. Kvemo Kartli is the second-largest industrial city after Tbilisi. Its area is 6528 km2. It is the fourth largest region in Georgia, while it is the third-largest region regarding population- with a population of almost half a million.
Due to its location, the region has transport links. The region runs railroads connecting Georgia with neighboring Armenia and Azerbaijan. The main enterprises are located in Rustavi and Marneuli. Kvemo Kartli’s industrial production accounts for 20% of global Georgian production.
Kvemo Kartli inherited a lot of historical monuments such as the Bolnisi Sioni, Birtvisi, Samshvilde Monastery, the Pitareti Monastery, and the old inhabited area near Dmanisi.there are more than 650 historical monuments, 300 of them have been included in various tourist routes.
RDFG provides a significant plot of land in Kvemo Kartli and offers IDP farmers the opportunity to present state-of-the-art industrial techniques through the collection of agro and non-agro projects. Projects include harvesting from open fields and greenhouses, and non-agro demonstration of energy-saving technology in housing, heating, etc. Energy is also alternative or renewable. To demonstrate what they learn with the help of RDFG., village participants sell their products in local markets using business skills and relationships.