Adjara is a historical, geographical and political-administrative region of Georgia. Adjara is known to everyone as an autonomous republic. The region is located on the Black Sea coast, north of Turkey, at the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains.
- Capital city– Batumi
- Language – Georgian (dialect)
- Administrative division – 5 areas: Kedsky, Hulojsky , Kobuletsky, Helvachaursky, Shuakhevsky
- Two cities: Batumi -the capital-, and Kobuleti.
- Seven urban settlements – Chakvi, Hulo, Keda, Ochkhamuri, Shuakhevi, Khelvachauri, Makhindzhauri.
The Autonomous Republic of Adjara was founded by the Treaty of Karski. The contract was signed on October 13, 1921. The Adjarians living there are mostly Muslims. The status of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara was legalized by the Constitution of 1991. The highest rank in the executive branch of Adjara is the Chairman of the Supreme Council (Parliament).
Adjara is located on the southeastern coast of the Black Sea. It borders with the Guria region to the north, Samtskhe-Javakheti to the east, and Turkey to the south. Most of Adjara consists of mountains or hills. The highest mountains rise more than 3,000 meters above sea level, about 60% of the region is covered with forest. Adjara has six administrative units:
- The city of Batumi
- Keda District
- Kobuleti District
- Khelvachauri District
- Shuakhevi District
- Khulo District
Adjara is one of the main parts of the old Colchis kingdom. Adjara coastal cities played an important role in the political and economic life of the kingdom of Colchis. The structure also included Adjara. Christianity in Adjara spread in the first centuries, spread by Simon Kananeli and Andrew the First-Called. Adjara has had the right to enjoy the status of Adjara since 1921. After Georgia gained independence, Adjara was an autonomous republic on the territory of Georgia, with special state status.
Adjara is characterized by a humid climate, especially coastal regions, and long rainy weather. However, there are plenty of sunny days in the spring and summer months. September and October are the wettest months. Winters are usually cold and snowy, especially in the highlands of Adjara. Sometimes the snow does not reach several meters.
Adjara is distinguished for growing tea, citrus, and tobacco. The region is mountainous and wooded. Adjara has a subtropical climate and many resorts. Leading cultures are:
- Citrus fruits
Livestock is significantly developed. Industries include:
- Tea packaging
- Tobacco processing
- Canned fruit
- Canned fish
- Oil refining
The capital of Adjara Batumi is the center of shipbuilding and production. Batumi is also an important city in the sense that the goods shipped to Azerbaijan and Armenia pass this way. The Batumi port is used for transportation of oil from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
Batumi is one of the fastest-growing cities in the Adjara region. That is why it is a great choice for summer vacationers both for fun and relaxation. The tourist infrastructure in Adjara is already completed. Large sanatoriums and boarding houses were renovated. It is planned to increase the number of SIS guest complexes and expand their services. You will have fun including:
- rock climbing
- water sports
The best sights in Adjara are
Batumi Archeological Museum
Gonio Apsaros Fortress
Batumi Botanical Garden
Ali & Nino
Khulo Cable cars, Ghorjomi village, and Adjarian Yaylas – Road Trip to Mountain Adjara